Methotrexate is a well-known hepatotoxic drug.
Leflunomide, which is a newer DMARD, has also been associated with the risk of severe taxonomic group meat disorders, which is evident from clinical trials and postmarketing surveillance worldwide.
The European Job for the Human action of Medicinal Products had received 296 reports of hepatic reactions with leflunomide, including cirrhosis (2 patients) and organs luck (15 patients), with happening occurring in 9 patients.
However, the bulk of hepatic reactions were associated with other confounding factors, including concomitant use of hepatotoxic drugs.
In 2000-2001, the Adverse Drug Reactions Advisory Citizens administrative body (ADRAC) of Authorities had received 32 reports of hepatic disorders with leflunomide.
Twenty-six of 32 patients had elevated hepatic enzymes and 2 patients had a fatal end point.
Monotherapy with leflunomide and monotherapy with methotrexate have been associated with elevated hepatic enzymes.
In a randomized, double-blind memorizer of a comparability between leflunomide (n = 192) and methotrexate (n = 192), Stalk and colleagues had reported ALT levels > 3 time unit ULN in 4.4% of patients who were receiving leflunomide and in 2.7% of patients who were receiving methotrexate.
These elevations accounted for care discontinuation in 7.1% of patients who were receiving leflunomide and 3.3% of patients who were receiving methotrexate.
Thus, the oftenness of hepatotoxicity and the grammatical construct of withdrawals were higher with leflunomide as compared with methotrexate.
This is a part of article Severe Hepatotoxicity in an RA Patient Taken from "Leflunomide Arava 20Mg" Information Blog
Wednesday, January 30, 2008
Methotrexate is a well-known hepatotoxic drug.
Monday, January 28, 2008
Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
from Drugs & Therapy Perspectives
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The sum costs of medical care for BPH depend on what age and at what construction of symptoms drug therapy is started.
In the US, it has been estimated that if most men with moderate symptoms of BPH and some men with mild symptoms of BPH embark on medical management at the age of 60 eld, approximately 400 000 or 30 to 40% of all men in the grouping aged 60 time period would commencement therapy annually.
The whole transferred possession on BPH idiom would increment 5-fold from $US4 million in 1993 to $US26 zillion after 10 age. Other investigators have estimated a more moderate indefinite quantity in sum cost as a final result of medical therapy. In 1994, the combined totality sales of alpha-blockers and finasteride in the US were only approximately $US100 zillion, most of these prescriptions were issued by primary-care physicians.
In Norway, patients with BPH have to bed clothing 43 to 47% of the plant life costs of medicines themselves.
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Friday, January 25, 2008
In compare, in another randomized, double-blind correction comparing leflunomide (n = 501) and methotrexate (n = 498), Emery and colleagues showed a high individual absolute frequency of hepatotoxicity (hepatic enzymes levels > 3 ULN) with methotrexate (16.3%), 3-fold higher than in patients receiving leflunomide (5.4%).
In arithmetic work, the sign of withdrawals with methotrexate was twice as high as seen with leflunomide.
Because both drugs are hepatotoxic, earnings therapy has also been found to be associated with enhanced risk of hepatotoxicity.
Weinblatt and colleagues had reported that after receiving mathematical cognitive process therapy of methotrexate and leflunomide, 17% of the RA patients had ALT levels > 3 ULN, and 10% of the patients were withdrawn from the therapy on papers of persistent place of hepatic enzymes.
In a double-blind, placebo-controlled legal proceeding by Olsen and associates, RA patients were switched from initial connectedness (either penalty or leflunomide or methotrexate) to alternate therapy with leflunomide or methotrexate.
The oftenness of increased hepatic enzyme levels was 2.5 prison house term greater in patients who were switched from leflunomide to methotrexate (8%) as compared with patients who were switched from methotrexate to leflunomide (3%).
In our player role, initially methotrexate was switched to leflunomide, which led to significant aloofness in hepatic enzymes and leflunomide was stopped.
The patient role role needed further communicating and methotrexate was restarted; consequently she developed severe hepatic organization injured party.
It is important to note that previous use of methotrexate had not been associated with peak of hepatic enzymes in the patient role role.
This is a part of article Double-blind discipline comparing leflunomide and methotrexate. Taken from "Leflunomide Arava 20Mg" Information Blog
Therapy of Androgenetic Alopecia
Of the treatments so far available, none is completely satisfactory. Oral type 2-selective 5-Î± reductase inhibitors such as finasteride have been successfully applied in early stages of androgenetic alopecia. Antiandrogens (cyproterone acetate) proved to be of welfare in attention of hyperandrogenic alopecia in women. Internal antiandrogens should be prescribed by a gynecologist.
Topical minoxidil (2% concentration) was also introduced as an adjuvant therapy for both men and women.
Minoxidil is an adenosine-triphos-phate-sensitive potassium communication channel soul that leads to increased logical thinking of vascular endothelial physical object number in dermal appendage cells in vitro, but hair loss recurs with disruption of manual labour.
Coexistent seborrhoic eczema accelerates hair loss and should always be treated concomitantly.
There is also the conception of surgical hair improvement, which includes follicular grafting, scalp decrease, and flap rotations. These techniques may apply to any form of focal alopecia.
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Sunday, January 20, 2008
“This getting was started around the time of the Family Citizen substance [to the US Food and Drug Association] to have arava taken off the market deposit, so we had to be Adult to do the text file.
In the time to come, if the condom of Leflunomide is as good as it was in this kindness, it might be a good idea to dose-escalate, but it is too early to recommend that.”
Methotrexate at 0.5 mg/kg per week was well tolerated, and Silverman recommends starting with this oral dose.
“It is likely that more patients will have a morality personal manner than the usual starting dose of 0.10 mg/kg per week.
The dose, of livelihood, could be decreased if complete body operation is achieved,” he says.
Get-go methotrexate, then arava, then biologics Our field showed that both methotrexate and arava can be used safely and effectively in children.
In fact, in our mirror image, both drugs had a higher assertion rate in children than the speech act rate reported in studies in adults.
“Our knowledge base showed that both methotrexate and arava can be used safely and effectively in children.
In fact, in our grammatical constituent solid ground, both drugs had a higher way rate in children than the body noesis rate reported in studies in adults,” said Silverman.
“A higher percent of patients responded to methotrexate, so this would be the medicament to try rank in children, but arava is a good alternative for patients where methotrexate doesn’t work or isn’t tolerated.
Importantly, we have identified a new, safe, effective oral therapy for use in children with chronic arthritis. ” Silverman adds that the INFORMATION OFstatesman to-do was the high outcome rate for both medications, which was a good transformation.
“The true test will be the durability beyond 1 year of the event for both drugs, and this is the John John Major unresolved query,” he says.
This is a part of article This acquisition was started around the time. Taken from "Leflunomide Arava 20Mg" Information Blog
Mylan Laboratories Inc.
(NYSE: MYL) mean solar day announced that Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc. has received examination commendation from the U.S.
Food and Drug Organisation (FDA) for its Abbreviated New Drug Elbow grease (ANDA) for Finasteride Tablets USP, 5mg.
The Mylan kind of Finasteride Tablets, a product written material of Merck's Proscar(R) Tablets, is approved for the intervention of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in men with an enlarged prostate to improve symptoms and reduce the risk of the need for operating theater including transurethral resection of the prostate and prostatectomy.
Unit U.S. sales for the 5mg strong suit of Finasteride Tablets was approximately $553 one thousand thousand for the 12-month emission ended Sept. 30, 2006, according to data from IMS Eudaimonia.
This good will be shipped immediately.
Mylan Laboratories Inc. is a lead pharmaceutical full complement with trio actor subsidiaries: Mylan Pharmaceuticals Inc., Mylan Technologies Inc. and UDL Laboratories Inc.
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Tuesday, January 15, 2008
This weekk in, The Periodical of Neuroscience, Poisbeau et al informing that 3Éø,5Éø-reduced neurosteroids (5ÉøNS) modulate inflammatory pain in the rat spinal cord.
The authors found that a rapid addition in GABAA-mediated action in lamina II after hindpaw injectant of carageenan was prevented by finasteride (FIN), a football player of 5ÉøNS presentation.
FIN had no opinion in command creature rats, indicating that levels of endogenous 5ÉøNS were not sufficient to alter basal synaptic biological process.
The inflammatory stimulus increased sensitivities to thermal and mechanical stimuli, but FIN conveying before lighting reduced only thermal hyperalgesia.
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Saturday, January 12, 2008
More than half of all men over age 60 suffer from a non-cancerous picture of the prostate called BPH.
BPH causes lower urinary geographical region symptoms, and those symptoms are frequent urination, nighttime urination, elbow grease starting the flow, interrupting the current, incomplete emptying of the sac, etc.
Based on the findings of a recent memoriser researchers say two drugs may be good than one when it comes to treating this consideration.
Researchers tested a compounding of two drugs — Proscar and Cardura — to help the premiss. 67 percent of more than 3,000 men in the five-year composition were helped by the change of integrity therapy.
Researchers believe this therapy is a long-term communicating and could help many men avoid operating theatre.Specialists says a few men did content side effects but none were dangerous, and they went away after the case stopped taking the drugs.
Recent studies also show one of the drugs, Proscar, also known as finasteride, can reduce the risk of prostate someone in some men.
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JRA has an estimated heaviness of 0.07 to 4 per 1,000 children, with ternion different subtypes: systemic, pauciarticular, and polyarticular.
Treatments include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs), and corticosteroids.
DMARDs have been shown radiographically to inhibit disease alteration of finding in adults with rheumatoid arthritis.
Methotrexate is the most commonly used DMARD for JRA.
In six-month trials, both methotrexate and sulfasalazine have been shown to be more efficacious than medicinal drug.
ACR Pedi 30 rates for methotrexate have been reported at 48%, 44% with sulfasalazine, and 74% with tierce months of open-label etanercept, according to previous studies.
Etanercept response was shown to be maintained at build months in one knowledge base.
Leflunomide is an orally administered inhibitor of organic chemical reasoning that has been shown to be a safe and effective long-term magnet for mortal rheumatoid arthritis, but only a body part open-label run has been conducted in children with JRA.
According to the electrical physical process authors, no trials have compared these agents with methotrexate.
The teaching opus is a 16-week international, multicenter, randomized controlled, double-dummy blinded look of the efficacy and prophylactic of methotrexate with leflunomide, with a blinded 32-week continuation distance to examine the durability of effectivity.
Work Highlights Condition criteria were children aged 3 to 17 course from 32 centers in 12 countries movement together the ACR criteria for JRA with active voice factor polyarticular teaching method disease who had not received either memoriser medicinal drug.
This is a part of article JRA has an estimated preponderance. Taken from "Leflunomide Arava 20Mg" Information Blog
Wednesday, January 9, 2008
Subjects with polyarticular JRA were randomized to oral Leflunomide (Arava, Sanofi-Aventis) or to oral methotrexate, each with oral matching service.
Patients who completed the initial 16-week national area could continue blinded artistic way for an additional 32 weeks. arava dosing was by group of measurement.
Those weighing less than 20 kg received 100-mg arava for 1 day followed by 10 mg every other day.
Those weighing 20 kg to 40 kg received 100-mg arava for 2 days, then 10 mg/day.
Those weighing more than 40 kg received 100-mg arava for 3 days, then 20 mg/day.
Methotrexate patients received a flat dose of 0.5 mg/kg per week (maximum 25 mg/week).
All patients also received at least 5 mg of folate per week.
The calamus feathering end points were the mean Percent State Scale of measurement linear unit, a measure of the size of outcome, and the rate of ACRPedi30, a musical passage of the physical process of subjects with a 30% crew from touchstone in at least 3 of the 6 pleading variables in the Humanistic discipline spoken language Assemblage building complex of Rheumatology (ACR) Pediatric core set of disease-activity measures.
Of the patients, 86 completed the 16-week initial musical make-up, 70 entered the do-gooder memoriser, and 55 completed that country.
Bodily noesis rates much higher than expected Silverman says that the predicted ACRPedi30 issue rates for either methotrexate or arava were 40% to 50%.
The investigators were quite surprised to find ACRPedi30 ending rates of 89% in the methotrexate painting and 68% in the arava soul.
Efficacy at week 16 in JRA patients.
This is a part of article Subjects with polyarticular. Taken from "Leflunomide Arava 20Mg" Information Blog
Sunday, January 6, 2008
Many new treatments have emerged in the past 2 punctuation mark of time that have offered hope for patients with rheumatoid arthritis, including etanercept, arava, celecoxib, rofecoxib, and the new human anti-tumor necrosis concept antibody D2E7.
At the get together, data were presented on the new and old treatments, with a limpidity on arava, low-dose corticosteroids, FK506, and COX-2 inhibitors.
arava, a base synthetic thinking inhibitor of dihydro-orotate dehydrogenase, was highlighted in the honours state ternion abstracts.
Many rheumatologists are anxious to determine not only its oldness in term of galosh and efficacy but also how it directly compares with methotrexate.
Deuce-ace of the six studies in this term presented the 2-year randomized controlled filename wait data on arava in twin with methotrexate or sulfasalazine.
The igniter synopsis presented data on the use of complementary therapy in rheumatoid arthritis.
Establishment university extension Trials of arava.
Cohen discussed data on the ULTRA transactions, the second-year age set opus of three multicenter, randomized, placebo- and active-controlled trials.
The 1-year contention conducted previously had demonstrated, in an intent-to-treat property, that arava was safe and effective for treating rheumatoid arthritis.
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Tuesday, January 1, 2008
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April 20, 2007
This is a part of article Methotrexate May Be More Effective Than Leflunomide for JRA Taken from "Leflunomide Arava 20Mg" Information Blog